This book fills a vacuum in English-speaking scholarship as it narrates the story of the confessional Lutheran renaissance associated with the University of Erlangen beginning in the mid-nineteenth century and reaching well into the twentieth century. Here one can read the fascinating stories of Hofmann, Harless, Loehe, Delitzsch, Seeberg, Zahn and others at the headwaters of the Erlangen School in the nineteenth century. Even more interesting are the accounts of the twentieth century theologians Elert, Althaus, Procksch, Sasse, Preuss, Maurer, von Loewenich, and Kuenneth as Green studied with many of these scholars from 1952-1955. Green’s telling of their stories is delightfully punctuated with personal remembrances of his own as well as pointed and provocative applications to contemporary Lutheran theology, liturgy, and church life. It is a welcome introduction to an important part of recent Lutheran history and a wonderful supplement to his earlier book, Lutherans Against Hitler: The Untold Story.
John T. Pless
Assistant Professor of Pastoral Ministry and Missions
Concordia Theological Seminary
- 1. A Sketch of the Bavarian Lutheran Church in the Nineteenth Century
- 2. The Theological Faculty at Erlangen and the Emergence of the "Erlangen School of Theology"
- 3. An Overview of the Erlangen Theological Faculty from 1743 until 1923
- 4. The Liturgics of Erlangen and Bavaria: Development of a Confessional Lutheran Theory and Practice of Liturgics
- 5. Johann Wilhelm Friedrich Hoefling (1802-1853)
- 6. Gottlieb Christoph Adolf von Harless (1806-1879)
- 7. Johann Christian Konrad von Hofmann (1810-1877)
- 8. Gottfried Thomasius (1802-1871)
- 9. Franz Julius Delitzsch (1813-1890)
- 10. Theodosius Harnack (1816-1889)
- 11. Karl Adolf Gerhard von Zezschwitz (1825-1886)
- 12. Franz Hermann Reinhold von Frank (1827-1894)
- 13. Theodor Zahn (1838-1933)
- 14. Other Scholars of "The Erlangen School"
- 15. Werner Elert: The Passionate Scholar and Long-Term Dean
- 16. Paul Althaus: The Mediator
- 17. Herman Sasse: The Prophet
- 18. Walter Keunneth: The Scholarly Fighter
- A Report by Lowell C. Green of His Experiences as an American Student at Erlangen from 1952 until 1955
- A Selected List of English Translations of Erlangen Authors
I, a poor sinful man, confess to Almighty God, my Creator and Savior, that I have sinned not only in thought, word, and deed, but also have been conceived and born in sin, so that my whole nature and all my being is guilty and is condemned before his righteousness.
Why does our Divine Service begin thus? Because no one who has not recognized his sin can receive grace, and certainly not even understand justification by faith. For the heart of man is by nature either Pharasaical or drowned in lust for sin. Either it depends upon his good works, and on that account finds the imputation of a foreign righteousness useless, or it cheers, “Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die,” and assures itself that it needs neither its own nor a foreign righteousness. To preach justification by faith to such people is known as casting pearls before the swine. He, on the other hand, who lies in water is glad when a foreign (alien) hand is lowered from a foreign (alien) ship to hoist him onto dry land. He who recognizes the walls around himself as prison walls thanks God when He breaks open its door and says to him, “You are free!”
Preuss’ treatise shows his great exegetical knowledge and his wide reading in the Lutheran fathers. This extends not only to the classics like Chemnitz and Gerhard, but also to minor figures like Höpfner. He draws prodigiously from the age of Lutheran orthodoxy, but is also conversant with the discussion of his time, including the Roman neo-scholastic tradition of Perrone. He is a master dialectician, but his book is more than an academic treatment of the subject. It is written passionately, sometimes crossing the boundary into the sermonic, and makes ample use of the hymnody of the church. As such, it combines the scholarly and the edifying in a paradigmatic way. C.F.W. Walther called it the best book written on justification in the 19th century. As such, it is well worth reading today, and this edition makes it accessible to a new generation.
Roland F. Ziegler
Assistant Professor of Systematic Theology
Concordia Theological Seminary
- extols the hymnody of the Church (55)
- defends infant baptism (73)
- commends the means of grace
- points the reader to the person and work of Christ.
Power, Politics, and the Missouri Synod follows the rise of two Lutheran clergymen—Herman Otten and J. A. O. Preus—who led different wings of a conservative movement that seized control of a theologically conservative but socially and politically moderate church denomination and drove "moderates" from the church in the 1970s. The schism within what was then one of the largest Protestant denominations in the United States ultimately reshaped the landscape of American Lutheranism and fostered the polarization that characterizes today's Lutheran churches.
Burkee's story, supported by personal interviews with key players and church archives sealed for over twenty years, is about more than Lutheranism. The remaking of this one Lutheran denomination reflects a broader movement toward theological and political conservatism in American churches—a movement that began in the 1970s and culminated in the formation of the "Religious Right."
Six essays are included in this volume:• The Office of the Ministry in Nicolaus Hunnius' Epitome Credendorum(A detailed study of the teaching of one of the Lutheran fathers from the Age of Lutheran Orthodoxy as pertains to the office of the ministry)• The Office of the Keys in the Ecclesiology of C.F.W. Walther and the Lutheran Confessions(A comparison of the central tenets of Walther's doctrine of the Church and that which is confessed in the Book of Concord)• Ministry and the Ordained Diaconate in the 16th and 17th Century Lutheran Church(The historic Lutheran understanding of the diaconate is substantially different from that of the Reformed and many modern Lutherans)• Pastoral Responsibility and the Office of the Keys in the Book of Concord(An examination of that aspect of the office referred to as "jurisdiction" in the Augsburg Confession)• Bishops, Councils and Authority in the Church in the Treatise on the Power and Primacy of the Pope(The Treatise was written in the context of an invitation to attend an Ecumenical Council and it was written as a Lutheran response to the claims of Papalists and Conciliarists regarding authority in the Church)• The Future of Ecclesiastical Oversight among Confessional Lutherans(The modern neglect of Visitation and Ecclesiastical Oversight is examined in light of the Reformation-era practices)(publisher's website)
Papers Delivered at a Theological Conference Sponsored by Lutheran CORE
August 24-26, 2010 Upper Arlington Lutheran Church Columbus, Ohio
Contents:Sermon: Can anything Good Come out of Columbus?
Frank C. Senn
Lutheranism at a Crossroads
Carl E. Braaten
Holy Scripture and Word of God: Biblical Authority in the Church
Stephen J. Hultgren
Speech to, for and about the Triune God
Robert W. Jenson
Authority in the Church; A Plea for Critical Dogmatics
Paul R. Hinlicky
Renewing the Moral Vision for Lutheranism
No Church of Christ without Christ
Steven D. Paulson
Mission: Gospel Roots with Global Reach
Paul V. Martinson
(The unabridged texts of these papers are about twenty percent longer than the lectures as presented in Columbus.)